A research study done by Massage Magazine in March 2009 indicates that depression during pregnancy can lead to antisocial teens.

The study showed that massage can ease anxiety and depression during pregnancy – thereby benefiting both the mother and the child. During the study, results showed a greater decrease in fetal activity in the group that received massages as compared with the group that did not. The group that received massages also reported fewer premature births.

Dale F. Hay, professor of psychology at Cardiff University in Wales said about the study: “Although it’s not yet clear exactly how depression in pregnancy might set infants on a pathway toward increased antisocial behavior, our findings suggest that women with a history of conduct problems who become depressed in pregnancy may be in special need of support.”